Data stream category Subcategories Examples
Ambulance/EMT records
Dispatch information which can include incident date, time, nature of call, and patient information.
Clinic/health care provider records
Record of patient (animal/human) information that can include symptoms, pharmacy orders, diagnoses, laboratory tests ordered and results received.
  • Physician
  • Veterinary
ED/hospital records
Record of patient information that can include discharge/transfer orders, pharmacy orders, radiology results, laboratory results and any other data from ancillary services or provider notes.
  • Military/veteran facilities
Employment/school records
Information collected from schools or places of employment that can include, location, illness, absence, and activity reports regarding students or employees.
  • Absenteeism
  • Activities
  • Illness
Established databases
Any data repository from which information can be retrieved.
  • Demographic data
  • Environmental data
  • Genetic sequencing data
  • Geographic data
  • Weather pattern/meteorlogical data
  • Census
  • CIA Factbook
  • Google Earth
  • Google Maps
  • Toxnet
Financial records
Records of financial activities of a person, business, or organization.
  • Bank savings
  • Insurance/HMO billing
Help lines
Telephone or cellular call-in services.
  • Emergency
  • Health/medical
  • Poison control
  • Professional
  • Reporting/complaint
  • 911
  • Nurse hotlines
Internet search queries
Search terms that a user enters into a web search engine.
  • Global
  • Site-specific
  • Google
  • Yahoo
Laboratory records
Information regarding specific tests ordered and/or the results of those tests.
  • Laboratory orders
  • Laboratory results
  • Molecular typing
  • PCR
News aggregators
Systematic collection of information from news sources that can include online and offline media.
  • Media monitoring
  • Newspapers
  • Press releases
  • Radio
  • RSS feeds
  • Video
  • Google News
Official reports
Any report that has been certified or validated from an authorized entity.
  • Academic
  • Government
  • Industry
  • Intelligence
  • Non-profit
  • CDC / MMWR
  • Notifiable disease
  • Peer-reviewed literature
  • USDA
  • WHO
Personal communication
Any type of information that is directly relayed from one individual to another individual or group.
  • Expert
  • Non-expert
Police/fire department records
Dispatch and event information.
Prediction markets
Marketplaces for contracts in which the payoffs depend on the outcome of a future event.
  • Event
  • Health
  • Iowa Electronic Health Markets
Monetary transactions for goods or services.
  • Commerical
  • Medical
  • Drugs (OTC/Rx)
  • Facial Tissue
Social media
Forms of electronic communication such as websites for social networking and blogging through which users create online communities to share.
  • Blogs
  • Internet chatting
  • Social networking sites
  • Video-sharing
  • Facebook
  • MySpace
  • Twitter
  • YouTube